Tiffany, John K. "History of the Postage Stamps of the United States of America". The rules generated some controversy by uneven enforcement of the rules against the use of purportedly religious and political imagery. United States Aug 8th 2020 edition. Subsequent legislation enlarged the duties of the Post Office, strengthened and unified its organization, and provided rules and regulations for its development. Download this stock image: Franklin Post Office, America’s first public postal service, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA - KFJRKD from Alamy's library of millions of … Richard Fairbanks of the Boston became Postmaster of Massachusetts’s Bay Colony. [46] The first such issue was an 8 cents stamp that the Postal Service initially titled "Special Stamp for Someone Special". The United States Postal Service was founded in 1776 and joined the EMS Cooperative in 1999. Many of these are quite rare, with only single examples surviving of some types. Service / Sample Number. [14] In another innovation, the company placed mail-collection boxes around the city for the convenience of its customers. [58] and Fletcher v. United States Postal Serv. The first post office in America was established in Boston. The 90c stamp used is a very rare item, and so frequently forged that authorities counsel collectors to shun cancelled copies that lack expert certification. Not having the right zip code for your postal mail would mean your letters will not reach their destination. In 1895 counterfeits of the 2¢ value were discovered, which prompted the BEP to begin printing stamps on watermarked paper for the first time in U.S. postal history. This series of Postage issues was printed by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing. Two other Virginians succeeded Spotswood: Head Lynch in 1739 and Elliot Benger in 1743. Later that year, Daniel Webster rose in the U.S. Senate to recommend that the recent English postal reforms—standardized rates and the use of postage stamps—be adopted in America.[12]. All eight denominations available in 1861–62, ranging from 1 cent to 90 cents, were offered in encased versions. Yet another … Nevertheless, many Americans took up using stamps; about 3,700,000 of the 5¢ and about 865,000 of the 10¢ were sold, and enough of those have survived to ensure a ready supply for collectors, although the demand is such that a very fine 5¢ sells for around $500 as of 2020, and the 10¢ in very fine condition, face-free stamped cancellation, with four well spaced borders, sells for $1,500 or more in used form. Instead, he appointed Governor Andrew Hamilton of New Jersey as his Deputy Postmaster General. Uniquely among U. S. issues, the sheets lack the plate numbers usually printed on the selvage surrounding the stamps. [44], Starting in 2005, the USPS offered customers the ability to design and purchase custom stamps, which were offered through third-party providers, like Stamps.com and Zazzle. The original issue included all the denominations offered in the previous series: 1¢, 3¢, 5¢, 10¢, 12¢, 24¢, 30¢ and 90¢ stamps. 1765 One of the first mail vehicles—a calèche—is used in British North America and hails an era of … The first well-documented postal service was that of Rome. The Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, Missouri in 1904 prompted a set of five stamps,[33] while a trio of stamps commemorated the Jamestown Exposition, held in Norfolk, Virginia in 1907. Along with this 1¢ stamp, the post office initially issued only two additional denominations in the series of 1851: 3¢ and 12¢, the three stamps going on sale that July and August. The Statue of Liberty appeared on two additional higher values as well, 8¢ and 11¢, both of which were printed in two colors. To make them differentiable from the older stamps at a glance, all were required to have their values expressed in Arabic numerals (in the previous series, Arabic numerals had appeared only on the 30¢ stamp). The Educators included Booker T. Washington, who now became the first African-American to be honored on a U.S. stamp. Two Cent Red Sesquicentennial issues of 1926–1932. They are prized by collectors today with the $5 denomination, for example, selling for between $1,500 to $12,500 or more, depending upon the condition of the stamp being sold. Rome is claimed to have the first well documented postal service which arose under Augustus Caesar around the time of the birth of Christ (Wikipedia, 2007). The company had been founded by Henry Thomas Windsor, a London merchant who at the time was living in Hoboken, New Jersey. [29] In any case, it is considered by some as America's first commemorative stamp. In its revised form, this issue accordingly became the first postage stamp produced under the auspices of a government in the western hemisphere. 13-18, Mekeel's & Stamps Magazine, Vol. Way back November 1639, the first postal service was established in America. [citation needed], The postage stamps issued in the 1870s and 1880s are collectively known as the "Bank Notes" because they were produced by the National Bank Note Company, the Continental Bank Note Company, then the American Bank Note Company. [citation needed], Widespread hoarding of coins during the Civil War created a shortage, prompting the use of stamps for currency. In these years, the postal service continued to produce commemorative sets in conjunction with important national expositions. First-Class Mail International ® (FCMI) service is the most affordable way to send letters and lightweight packages to more than 190 countries, including Canada and Great Britain.. Claims "church, the guilds, and the local lord were three major instruments of repair," of nine principal roads in England (seven for the posts, one for pilgrimage). Only once before (with the Lincoln Memorial issue of 1909) had the Post Office issued a commemorative stamp unconnected to an important national exposition; and the appearance of the Pilgrim Tercentenary series in 1920 confirmed that a new policy was developing: the Post Office would no longer need the pretext of significant patriotic trade fairs to issue commemoratives: they could now freely produce stamps commemorating the anniversaries of any notable historical figures, organizations or events. Moreover, while images of statesmen had provided the only pictorial content of pre-1869 issues, the large banknotes did not entirely exclude other representative images. [citation needed], The post office had become so efficient by 1851 that Congress was able to reduce the common rate to three cents (which remained unchanged for over thirty years), necessitating a new issue of stamps. A black 15¢ stamp depicting the recently assassinated Abraham Lincoln was issued in 1866, and is generally considered part of the same series. The Pony Express was a short-lived enterprise, remaining in operation for only 18 months. [35] A four-stamp series commemorating the Panama–Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco, California appeared in 1913,[36] but no further commemoratives were issued until after World War I. On July 26, 1775, members of the Second Continental Congress, meeting in Philadelphia, agreed "...that a Postmaster General be appointed for the United States, who shall hold his office at Philadelphia, and shall be allowed a salary of 1,000 dollars per annum...". [citation needed], The World Columbian Exposition of 1893 commemorated the 400th anniversary of the landing of Christopher Columbus in the Americas. Philadelphia was the seat of government and postal headquarters until 1800. One can pay as little as 5 to 10 percent of these figures if the stamps are in poor condition. The head of that office, P. S. Loughborough, is considered the first Chief Postal Inspector. (The next U. S. commemorative in portrait orientation would be the Vermont Sesquicentennial issue of 1927, and many have appeared since.). New surveys were made, milestones were placed on principal roads, and new and shorter routes laid out. First-Class Mail International Affordable Mailing with Global Forever Stamps. One of the first questions before the delegates was how to convey and deliver the mail. The thin stamps were to make it easier for automated stamp machines to dispense and to make the stamps more environmentally friendly. After sales of the series ceased, the Special Delivery stamp reappeared in its original blue.[27]. Modern sources identify his house as the Fairbanks Tavern. Local authorities operated post routes within the colonies. [citation needed], In 1885 the Post Office established a Special Delivery service, issuing a ten-cent stamp depicting a running messenger, along with the wording "secures immediate delivery at a special delivery office." However, one denomination introduced in the Parcel Post series—20¢—had proved useful, and the Post Office added this value to the Washington-Franklin issues in 1914, along with a 30¢ stamp. [citation needed], During this period, the U.S. Post Office issued more than a dozen 'Two Cent Reds' commemorating the 150th anniversaries of Battles and Events that occurred during the American Revolution. Mekeel, Philatelic Publishers (1887). When Franklin left office, post roads operated from Maine to Florida and from New York to Canada, and mail between the colonies and the mother country operated on a regular schedule, with posted times. Postal laws and regulations were revised and codified in the Ordinance of October 18, 1782. While the majority of these were designed in the double-width format, an appreciable number issued in honor of individuals conformed instead to the format, size, general design style and red-violet hue used in the 1940 Famous Americans series. Five subsequent sets of ten stamps each had appeared by August 16, 2012, bringing the total of stamp designs to sixty. [5], In the years leading up to the American Revolution mail routes among the colonies existed along the few roads between Boston, New York and Philadelphia. [citation needed], The 1861 stamps had in common the letters "U S" in their design. [citation needed], Officially sanctioned mail service began in 1692 when King William III granted to an English nobleman a delivery "patent" that included the exclusive right to establish and collect a formal postal tax on official documents of all kinds. Beginning in 1948, Congressional Representatives and Senators began to push the Post Office for stamps proposed by constituents, leading to a relative flood of stamps honoring obscure persons and organizations. The first among these was the Liberty Bell 150th Anniversary Issue of 1926, designed by Clair Aubrey Huston, and engraved by J.Eissler & E.M.Hall, two among America's most renowned master engravers. St. Louis: C.H. The provisional issues of Baltimore were notable for the reproduced signature of the city's postmaster—James M. Buchanan (1803-1876), a cousin to President James Buchanan. As America began to grow and new towns and villages began to appear, so too did the Post Office along with them. Collectors, still smarting from the expense of the Columbian stamps, objected that inclusion of $1 and $2 issues in the Trans-Mississippi series presented them with an undue financial hardship. 1821 - Carlo Meratti, an Italian, living in Alexandria, establishes a post office to send and receive mail to and from foreign countries. [22][23][24] (See also: Fractional currency. , issued 1847. All provisional issues are rare, some inordinately so: at a Siegel Gallery auction in New York in March 2012, an example of the Millbury provisional fetched $400,000,[16] while copies of the Alexandria and Annapolis provisionals each sold for $550,000. Franklin was dismissed by the Crown for actions sympathetic to the cause of the colonies. The stamps with flags of European countries were released at intervals from June to December 1943, while the Korea flag stamp was released in November 1944. Hats and Furs; Lord & Taylor; Tremont House, Chicago; Joseph L. Bates Fancy Goods; White the Hatter, New York City; and Ellis McAlpin & Co. Dry Goods, Cincinnati. At that time there were 75 post offices and about 2,000 miles of post roads, although as late as 1780 the postal staff consisted only of a Postmaster General, a Secretary/Comptroller, three surveyors, one Inspector of Dead Letters, and 26 post riders. 200 Issue 25, p. 21 : "Daniel Webster, the Father of U.S. Stamps," by Ralph A. Barry (reprinted from "Stamps Magazine," June 19, 1937), Scotts Specialized Catalogue of United States Stamps, Outstanding United States Stamps, Sale 1014, October 12–14, 2011, p. 81, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. His predecessor, John McLean of Ohio, began referring to the Post Office, or General Post Office as it was sometimes called, as the Post Office Department, but it was not specifically established as an executive department by Congress until June 8, 1872. [62][63], In August 2014, former Postmaster General Benjamin F. Bailar complained that the USPS was "prostituting" its stamps by focusing on stamps centered on popular culture, not cultural icons. Initially, only 555 such offices existed but the following year all U. S. Post Offices were obliged to provide the service—an extension not, however, reflected on the Special Delivery stamp until 1888, when the words "at any post office" appeared on its reprint. A letter carrier delivering mail to a family. A normal U. S. stamp was wrapped around a circular cardboard disc and then placed inside a coin-like circular brass jacket. The United States 1¢ Z grill was long thought to be the rarest of all U.S. stamps, with only two known to exist. ), During the 1860s, the postal authorities became concerned about postage stamp reuse. During his time as a Joint Postmaster General for the Crown, Franklin effected many important and lasting improvements in the colonial posts. Postal services began in the first half of the 17th century serving the first American colonies; today, the United States Postal Service is a large government organization providing a wide range of services across the United States and its territories abroad. In 2009–10, the National Postal Museum exhibited six Roosevelt sketches that were developed into stamp issues: the 6-cent eagle airmail stamp and five miscellaneous commemoratives, which honored the Byrd Antarctic Expedition, the Mothers of America, Susan B. Anthony, Virginia Dare and the Northwest Territories' rise to statehood. Three new designs were needed, because the Post Office elected to add $1, $2 and $5 stamps to the series (previously, the top value of any definitive issue had been 90¢). Lincoln is also honored on commemorative stamps issued by Costa Rica and Nicaragua. Previously one cent, the drop letter rate became two cents. Founding father Benjamin Franklin was appointed the first postmaster general. Efficiency may not be the first word … The Post Office stated that the release took place on June 17. Post Offices that existed along railroad lines and at various military posts have their own special historical aspect. Priority Mail ® 9205 5000 0000 0000 0000 00. From 1924 on, commemorative stamps appeared every year. Because of the elaborate process necessary for the full-color printing, the Bureau of Engraving and Printing contracted with a private firm, the American Bank Note Company, to produce the series - the first U. S. stamps to be printed by a private company since 1893. [29] Accordingly, the next stamp series commemorating a prominent exposition, the Pan-American Exposition held in Buffalo, New York in 1901, was considerably less costly, consisting of only six stamps ranging from in value 1¢ to 10¢. [citation needed], The stamps of the 1920s were dominated by the Series of 1922, the first new design of definitive stamps to appear in a generation. (On stamps of future years, the messenger would be provided the technological enhancements of a bicycle [1902] a motorcycle [1922] and a truck [1925]. Service is increased to once a week year-round in 1771. It soon became obvious that none of these stamps was needed: parcel postage could easily be paid by definitive or commemorative issues, and normal postage due stamps were sufficient for parcels. Priority Mail Express International delivers EMS seven days of the week reaching 350 million consumers across the United States of America. A Postmaster for … Around 1935, Postmaster Farley removed sheets of the National Parks set from stock before they had been gummed or perforated, giving these and unfinished examples of ten other issues to President Roosevelt and Interior Secretary Harold Ickes (also a philatelist) as curiosities for their collections. [citation needed] Each postmark is uniquely distinctive with its own name of state and town, in addition to its distinctive date. This page was last edited on 1 January 2021, at 00:25. Bravo l'USPS ! [2] Stampless letters, paid for by the receiver, and private postal systems, were gradually phased out after the introduction of adhesive postage stamps, first issued by the U.S. government post office July 1, 1847, in the denominations of five and ten cents, with the use of stamps made mandatory in 1855. His most notable achievement probably was the appointment of Benjamin Franklin as postmaster of Philadelphia in 1737. But the large banknotes did not represent a total retreat to past practices, for the range of celebrated Americans was widened beyond Franklin and various presidents to include notables such as Henry Clay and Oliver Hazard Perry. While there is little evidence that this occurred frequently, many post offices had never received any canceling devices. [citation needed], The stamps were interesting and attractive, designed to appeal to not only postage stamps collectors but to historians, artists and of course the general public who bought them in record numbers because of the fanfare of the Columbian Exposition of the World's Fair of 1892 in Chicago, Illinois. Postal History Explore the past, glimpse the future. Greig, retained by the Post Office to run the service, kept the firm's original Washington stamp in use, but soon had its lettering altered to reflect the name change. Alors, avant de critiquer ce service postal qui fait très bien son boulot malgré les coupes budgétaires sombres, il faut savoir de quoi on parle. At the legislative level, it is established that the duties of the USPS include the provision of postal services to all citizens of the country at the same tariffs. The Presidential issue remained in distribution for many years. It was in 1673 when Governor Francis Lovelace created a monthly post between New York and Boston. The US Post office began contracting out to the private sector to carry the mail (Contract Air Mail, CAM) on February 15, 1926. The General Court of Massachusetts designated Richard Fairbanks' tavern in Boston as the official repository of mail brought from or sent overseas, in line with the practice in England and other nations to use coffee houses and taverns as mail drops. Up through the 22¢ Cleveland stamp, the denomination assigned to each president corresponds to his position in the presidential roster: thus the first president, Washington, is on the 1¢ value, the seventeenth, Andrew Johnson, is on the 17¢ value, etc. Scandaleux . Numerals apart, several of these are superficially similar to their earlier counterparts—particularly because Franklin, Washington and Jefferson still appear on the same denominations as previously. Instead, they improvised a canceling process by scribbling on the stamp with an ink pen ("pen cancellation"), or whittling designs in pieces of cork, sometimes very creatively ("fancy cancels"), to mark the stamps. The lower values mostly depicted various presidents, with the 5c particularly intended as a memorial of the recently deceased Theodore Roosevelt, while the higher values included an "American Indian" (Hollow Horn Bear), the Statue of Liberty, Golden Gate (without the bridge, which had yet to be built), Niagara Falls, a bison, the Lincoln Memorial and so forth. These stamps were larger in size than normal definitive issues, with only 280 stamp images contained on the printing plate (400 images was standard for the Presidential series). An explosion of mail in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century drove post offices and large-volume mailers to work together to handle mail more efficiently. By 1774, however, the colonists viewed the royal post office with suspicion. Avec plus de 500,000 employés, USPS est le 3ème plus grand employeur des USA (juste après le département de Défense et Walmart). Sharp-eyed collectors periodically find the rare types going unrecognized. The Act of February 20, 1792, made detailed provisions for the Post Office. that the content rules didn't meet the "objective, workable standards" test established in Minnesota Voters Alliance v. Colonies funded it by subscription, and net revenues were to be used to improve the postal service rather than to be paid back to the subscribers. [46][47] The 1973 issue had a printing production of 320 million stamps.[47]. The outbreak of the American Civil War threw the postal system into turmoil. [51], On February 25, 2010, the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit ruled 2-1 that Frank Gaylord, sculptor of a portion of the Korean War Veterans Memorial, was entitled to compensation when an image of that sculpture was used on a 37 cent postage stamp because he had not signed away his intellectual property rights to the sculpture when it was erected. Additional stamps depict Franklin (½¢), Martha Washington (1½¢), and the White House (4½¢). The surveyors investigated thefts of mail or postal funds committed by writers, innkeepers, and others with access to the mail or post offices. Central postal organization came to the colonies only after 1691 when Thomas Neale received a 21-year grant from the British Crown for a North American postal service. 1775: First postmaster general appointed: 1799: U.S. Congress passes law authorizing death penalty for mail robbery, 1832: First official railroad mail service, 1873: Prestamped "postal cards" introduced, 1913: Domestic parcel post delivery began, 1920: Transcontinental mail between New York City and, 1958: Well-known artists begin designing stamps, 1992: Microprint introduced and first commemorative stamp developed entirely by. A few months after its founding, the City Despatch Post was sold to the U.S. Government, which renamed it the "United States City Despatch Post." The transportation coils were used steadily for some 20 years, while Great Americans was replaced by the Distinguished Americans series, which began in 2000. William Penn established Pennsylvania's first post office in 1683. Customers can easily access EMS at 32,000 retail outlets and post offices across the country. These came out in 1869, and were notable for the variety of their subjects; the 2¢ depicted a Pony Express rider, the 3¢ a locomotive, the 12¢ the steamship Adriatic, the 15¢ the landing of Christopher Columbus, and the 24¢ the signing of the Declaration of Independence. 1830s "Six Hundred Years of Post-Road Repair in England (1150-1750)." In many cases, post office clerks now use Postal Value Indicators (PVI), which are computer labels, instead of stamps. [9][10], Postage stamps revolutionized this process, leading to universal prepayment; but a precondition for their issue by a nation was the establishment of standardized rates for delivery throughout the country. On April 12, 2007, the Forever stamp went on sale for 41 cents, and is good for mailing one-ounce First-Class letters anytime in the future—regardless of price changes. When the Post Office moved to Washington, D.C., in that year, officials were able to carry all postal records, furniture, and supplies in two horse-drawn wagons. Among the prominent departures from tradition in these designs was that the names of the subjects were printed out, along with their years of birth and death. Each of these stamps generally bore the face or bust of an American president or another historically important statesman. The first American transcontinental airmail flight took place in 1920, but regular service did not begin until 1924. Although popular with collectors today, the unconventional stamps were not very popular among a population who was accustomed to postage that bore classic portrayals of Washington, Franklin and other forefathers. 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