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Where does the Running of the Bulls take place? An 8.9-magnitude earthquake struck the coast of Japan on Friday at a depth of about 17 miles below the earth's surface. Earthquakes are triggered by the tectonic plates that make up the earth's surface snagging, breaking or bending as they move past each other. On March 11, 2011, Japan experienced the strongest earthquake in its recorded history. Services, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Create your account. The tectonic plates and their boundaries surrounding Japan. In Northeast Japan (Tohoku), the Pacific plate is subducting northwestward beneath the Okhotsk plate, causing the 2011 Tohoku-oki earthquake. The sudden movement of the Pacific tectonic plate under the North American plate caused a massive earthquake and a tsunami. Data from high-precision GPS instruments show that parts of Japan shifted by as much as 13 feet (4 meters) as the fault plates lurched due to the earthquake… The two plates were rough and bonded together, building up large quantities of energy. In Northeast Japan (Tohoku), the Pacific plate is subducting northwestward beneath the Okhotsk plate, causing the 2011 Tohoku-oki earthquake. 1. Introduction: In March 11, 2011, the underwater earthquake occurred in pacific Ocean off the coast of Honshu, which is Japan’s main Island. The 2011 Tohoku earthquake struck offshore of Japan, along a subduction zone where two of Earth's tectonic plates collide. Michael Ricciardi March 22, 2011 at 1:30 pm This is because, geographically-speaking, Japan is a very unstable place. Japan Tohoku Earthquake 2011 At 14:46 Japan Standard Time on the 11th of March 2011, a powerful earthquake struck off the coast of Japan. 2. The 2011 Tohoku earthquake occurred in a subduction zone known as the Japan Trench. The super moon might have beena contributing factor. Huge Slabs of Rock: Tectonic plates are huge slabs of rock that lie on top of the Earth's semi-molten magma mantle. Soon after the occurrence of strong earthquake on March 11, 2011, JMA (Japan Meteorological Agency) named the earthquake as "The 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake". The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant cooling system was damaged, raising fears of a meltdown. The earthquake struck below the North Pacific Ocean, 130 kilometers (81 miles) east of Sendai, the largest city in the Tohoku region, a northern part of the island of Honshu. When they interact with one another, there is often seismic activity such as earthquakes and tsunamis. The event began with a powerful earthquake off the coast of Honshu, Japan’s main island, which initiated a series of large … It was the recent onslaught of solar flare that cause the earthquake in Japan. How many chapters are in Pride and Prejudice? The earthquake in Japan in 2011 occurred when the Pacific tectonic plate suddenly moved beneath the North American tectonic plate. Compare satellite images of areas of Japan before and after the disaster. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. 4. Friction causes the Pacific Plate to stick. 1. Also regarded as the Great Tōhoku Earthquake or the Great Sendai Earthquake, several catastrophic events brought by the force of nature struck northeastern Japan on March 11, 2011. The epicenter of the 2011 quake was in an unusual spot, about 130 kilometers east of Sendai, Japan, just off the northern coast of that nation. Pressure builds and is released as an earthquake. Until the 2011 quake, the largest displacement of plates recorded on a faultline was in 1960 off the coast of Chile, when a powerful earthquake moved them by 20 metres. A drilling site in the Nankai Trough where boring will start this fall. Become a Study.com member to unlock this Along the fault, the two plates of Earth's crust slid past each other up … answer! A drilling site in the Japan Trench which is believed to be a seismic source of the Great East Japan Earthquake. Tectonic plates’ movement caused Japan quake, tsunami March 12th, 2011 - 5:37 pm ICT by IANS Tweet Washington, March 12 (IANS) The devastating earthquake that shook Japan was caused by movement of massive tectonic plates that thrust one below the other and forced the seabed and ocean upwards, triggering a giant tsunami. Japan’s economy always seems to surprise – unfortunately, on the downside – and it has done so once again in the wake of the devastating quake and tsunami that hit the northeast coast on March 11. The Pacific Plate, which is an oceanic plate, subducts (sinks under) the Eurasian Plate, which is a continental plate, to the east of Japan. Introduction [2] The March, 11th 2011 Tohoku‐Oki (M 9.0) Earthquake triggered a large tsunami that caused significant loss of life and damage along the Japanese coastline, and is one of the largest earthquakes of the century. On April 1, 2011, Japanese Government officially decided the name of the disaster caused by the earthquake and the tsunami as "The Great East Japan Earthquake". The two tectonic plates involved are the Pacific plate, on which the Pacific Ocean resides, and a portion of the North American plate , on which parts of Japan sit. Japan earthquake: How ocean plate movement caused the disaster There had been rumblings deep in the Earth in the days before but nothing to … It also contains maps of the magnitude of shaking and predicted tsunami wave heights from the March 11, 2011 earthquake and tsunami in Japan. The epicenter of the earthquake is along the convergent margin where the Pacific Plate is being subducted beneath the Okhotsk Plate. The 2011 Tohoku earthquake struck offshore of Japan, along a subduction zone where two of Earth's tectonic plates collide. Impacts on people. The cause. Japan's recent massive earthquake, one of the largest ever recorded, appears to have moved the island by about eight feet (2.4 meters), the US Geological Survey said. Zoom in on images and examine scenes of the destruction in Japan. the pacific plate moved down under the Eurasian plate. In order to view this feature, you must download the latest version of flash player, Source: NOAA Center for Tsunami Research, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, By JOE BURGESS, JONATHAN CORUM, AMANDA COX, MATTHEW ERICSON, XAQUÍN G.V., ALAN McLEAN, TOMOEH MURAKAMI-TSE, HAEYOUN PARK, GRAHAM ROBERTS, AMY SCHOENFELD, ARCHIE TSE, JOE WARD and JEREMY WHITE, Interactive map and pictures of the damage », Satellite Photos of Japan, Before and After the Quake and Tsunami, A Closer Look at the Damage From the Earthquake and Tsunami in Japan. 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